History of Anthropological Theory
Professor Daniel Segal
Daniel A. Segal
UNIT 1: QUESTIONING SOCIAL EVOLUTIONARY SCHEMAS
Week 0 (Jan 16)
Segal, Daniel, "Civilization, Barbarism, and Savagery," pp. 358-363 in Encyclopedia of World History (2005).
Extra Session: January 18 (Wed) at 4:15, Job Talk by Candidate 1 for the open position in cultural-social anthropology at Scripps College.
Week 1 (Jan 23)
Stocking, George, “The Dark-Skinned Savage: The Image of Primitive Man in Evolutionary Anthropology,” ch. 6 in in Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology (1968).
Boas, Franz, “On Alternating Sounds,” The American Anthropologist (1889).
Boas, Franz, “The Limitations of the Comparative Method of Anthropology” (1896), pp. 270-280 in F. Boas, Race, Language, and Culture (1982).
Extra Session: January 23 (Mon) at 4:15, Job Talk by Candidate 2 for the open position in cultural-social anthropology at Scripps College.
Week 2 (Jan 30)
Levi-Strauss, C., “Science of the Concrete” (1966), ch. 1 of The Savage Mind (1966).
Levi-Strauss, C., ch. 5 from Elementary Structures of Kinship (1969 ).
Sahlins, Marshall, “The Original Affluent Society”, Stone Age Economics (1972).
Extra Session: January 30 (Mon) at noon, Job Talk by Candidate 3 for the open position in cultural-social anthropology at Scripps College.
Extra Session: Feb 1 (Wed) at 4:15: Job Talk by Candidate 4 for the open position in cultural-social anthropology at Scripps College.
UNIT 2: QUESTIONING RACE
Week 3 (Feb 6)
Stocking, George, “The Critique of Racial Formalism,” ch. 8 in Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology (1968).
Stocking, George, “Franz Boas and the Culture Concept in Historical Perspective,” ch. 9 in Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology (1968).
Baker, L. “The Location of Franz Boas within the African-American Struggle” (1994), Critique of Anthropology 14(2): 199-217.
Liss, Julie , “Diasporic
Radcliffe-Brown, A.R., “On the Concept of Function in Social Science” (1935), pp. 178-187 in A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, Structure and Function in Primitive Society (1952).
Malinowski, Bronislaw, “The Group and the Individual in Functional Analysis,” (1938), American Journal of Sociology, 44: 938-64.
Lee, Dorothy, “Are Basic Needs Ultimate?” Journal of Abnormal and Social Pyschology (1948).
Segal, D. “Always Faithful to Humankind: In Homage to Levi-Strauss.” [English version of “Sempre fesele al genere umano,” pp. 360-364 in Contemporanea. Rivista di storia dell
'800 e del '900 (2011).]
Gough, K., “The Nayars and the Definition of Marriage” (1959), Man: 23-34.
Irvine, J. “Shadow Conversations: The Indeterminacy of Participant Roles,” pp. 131-159 in G, Urban and M. Silverstein, eds., Natural Histories of Discourse (1996).
Ardener, E. “Language, Ethnicity, and Population” (1972).
Handler, R. and D. Segal, “Cultural Approaches to Nationalism,” in G. Delanty & K. Kumar eds., The Sage Handbook of Nations and Nationalism (2006).
Handler, Richard, “Is ‘Identity’ a Useful Cross-Cultural Concept?” in J. Gillis, ed. Commemorations. The Politics of National Identity, pp. 27-40 (1994).
Irvine, J. and S. Gal, “Language Ideology and Linguistic Differentiation” (2000), in P. Kroskrity, ed. Regimes of Language (2000).
Stocking, George, “Guardians of the Sacred Bundle: The American Anthropological Association and the Representation of Holistic Anthropology” (1988), Learned Societies and the Evolution of the Disciplines (American Council of Learned Societies Occasional Paper).
S. Yanagisako and D. Segal, “Introduction,” in S. Yanagisako and D. Segal, eds. Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle: Thoughts on the Disciplining of Anthropology (2005).
S. Yanagisako, “Flexible Disciplinarity,” in Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle: Thoughts on the Disciplining of Anthropology (2005).
H. Lewis, review of Yanagisako and Segal’s Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle (2006).
Wade, Nicholas, “Anthropology a Science: Statement Deepens a Rift” in NY Times (9 December 2010).
Jaschik, Scott, “Not Feeling the Kinship,” in Inside Higher Education (November 18, 2011).
UNIT 6: SOME WORK BY SOME OF YOUR FACULTY (continued into week 10 as well)
Week 9 (March 26)
Chao, Emily, Ch. 4 in Lijiang Stories (in press).
Mahdavi, P. “But We Can Always Get More: Deportability, the State and Gendered Migration in the the United Arab Emirates,” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal (2011).
Strauss, C. “Conventional Discourses, Public Opinion, and Political Culture,” from Making Sense of Public Opinion: American Discourses about Immigration and Social Programs (in press).
Talmor, R. “Possible Cities: Africa in Photography and Video” (catalog of an exhibit from 2010; be sure to look at the images in color).
Ortner, S. (1998). “Generation X: Anthropology in a Media-Saturated World,”Cultural Anthropology
Feierman, S. “African Histories and the Dissolution of World History,” from Africa and the Disciplines (1993).
Segal, D. “ ‘Western Civ’ and the Staging of History in American Higher Education,” in American Historical Review (2005).
Pomeranz, K., “Political Economy and Global Ecology on the Eve of Industrialization: Europe, China, and the Global Conjuncture,” American Historical Review 107, no. 2 (April 2002): 425-46.
The course grade is comprised of three equal components: your written weekly study guides, your participation in the weekly seminar, and your final assignment. For seniors who are candidates for graduation, the final assignment will be a “final festivity/examination” on May 3rd at 7 p.m. For all other students, the final assignment will be a 12-15 page paper due on May 11 at 7 p.m.; for the prompt for this paper, click here.
You are required to send me each week’s study guide by 9 p.m. the day before our weekly seminar (except for week’s that I designate as “oral preparation” only); each week, five of your study guides will be selected to be graded, by a process of drawing names from a hat. My hat it will be, but one of you will do the drawing of names.
Students who miss a class session will be assigned an additional reading and writing assignment, in order to cover what was missed. Failure to make up a missed session adequately will result in your overall course grade being dropped one full letter grade.
· Papers will be marked in reference to the rules in Elements of Style, 4th edition (or the “Illustrated” edition, which has the same text as the fourth); one or the other of those editions is a required text for the course.
Be able, when reading an anthropological article or book, to recognize and critically discuss the work's relationship to major paradigmatic traditions in disciplinary anthropology (e.g., functionalism, structuralism, and semiotic theory).
Be able to recognize and critically engage popular versions of anthropological theories in such non-academic forms as informal conversation and mass-mediated entertainment; and furthermore, when these popular versions of anthropological theories are versions of social evolutionism and/or racism, or are ethnocentric, be able to identify their fallacies and harmful consequences.